What is Horticulture? Importance and Types of Horticulture

What is Horticulture? Importance and Types of Horticulture

Horticulture, the branch of plant agriculture managing backyard crops, generally fruits, vegetables, and ornamental plants. The word comes from the Latin hortus,”garden,” and colere,”to cultivate.” As a general term, it covers all forms of garden management, but in ordinary use it refers to intensive commercial production. In terms of scale, horticulture falls between national gardening and area agriculture, even though all forms of cultivation naturally have close links.

Horticulture and its Importance

Horticulture crops perform a very important part in the Indian Market by generating more funds into the people providing raw material to different food processing industries, and higher farm profitability because of higher production and export earnings from foreign exchange.

  1. Horticulture crops are a source of variability in farm produce and diets
  2. They are the source of vitamins, minerals, and minerals
  3. They’ve health benefiting compounds and medicines
  4. They have good demand in the International Market

Types of Horticulture

Horticulture is an important part of agriculture, there are different branches such as horticulture:

Pomology:
Pomology is nothing but the scientific research of fruit crops and it could be defined as the division of Horticulture.

Olericulture:
The term is derived from Latin phrase and the term means vegetable farming and it deals with the analysis of vegetable cultivation.

Floriculture:
Floriculture is the blossom cultivation and it deals with the analysis of flower cultivation since it is the branch of horticulture.

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